What is IPM? Infographic Transcript

What is IPM?

Integrated Pest Management is a science-based approach that combines a variety of techniques.  By studying their life cycles and how pests interact with the environment, IPM professionals can manage pests with the most current methods to improve management, lower costs, and reduce risks to people and the environment.

IPM tools include:

  • Alter surroundings

  • Add beneficial insects/organisms

  • Grow plants that resist pests

  • Disrupt development of the pest

  • Prevention of pest problem developing

  • Disrupt insect behaviors

  • Use pesticides

The foundations of IPM practices are as follows:

  1. Identify/Monitor - Determine the causal agent and its abundance (contact your local extension agent for help).

  2. Evaluate - The results from monitoring will help to answer the questions: Is the pest causing damage?  Do we need to act? As pest numbers increase toward the economic threshold, further treatments may be necessary

  3. Prevent - Some pest problems can be prevented by using resistant plants, planting early, rotating crops, using barriers against climbing pests, sanitation, and sealing cracks in buildings.

  4. Action - IPM uses multiple tools to reduce pests below an economically damaging level.  A careful selection of preventative and curative treatments will reduce reliance on any one tactic and increase likelihood of success.

  5. Monitor: Continue to monitor the pest population.  If it remains low or decreases, further treatments may not be necessary, but if it increases and exceeds the action threshold, another ipm tool should be used.

Where can you practice IPM?

  • Buildings and Homes: Inspect, identify pests, keep pests out, clean to deny pests food and water, vacuum, trap, or use low-risk pesticides.

  • Farms: Check for pests/pest damage regularly, identify accurately, choose pest-resistant plant varieties, encourage/introduce beneficial insects, time planting to avoid pests, and, if needed, use low-risk pesticides.

  • Managed Natural Systems: Identify the pest and use management options that have minimal risks to pollinators, humans, and pests.